Excel
Contents
 1 DATA EXTRACTION
 1.1 Extract Characters From One Cell
 1.2 Reference Last Populated Cell in Range
 1.3 Extract Largest Number in Range
 1.4 Replace Character
 1.5 Replace Characters in Range
 1.6 Extract first 3 words
 1.7 Index / Match Formulas
 1.8 Search Cell For Specific Character
 1.9 Remove Spaces From Cells
 1.10 Extract List Of Unique Values From Column
 1.11 Extract Specific Cells To Make New List
 2 DATA COMPARISON
 3 FUNCTIONS
 3.1 Filter (Dynamic Array)
 3.2 Filter with SortBy
 3.3 Filter in Data Validation List
 3.4 Functions on Filtered Table
 3.5 Filtered Table  Extract value in column
 3.6 Sum Smallest N Values
 3.7 Sum Largest N Values
 3.8 Count/Sum Cells with Errors
 3.9 Averaging
 3.10 Sum Last N Rows
 3.11 IF Statements
 3.12 Max IFs
 3.13 IF OR statement
 4 MISC
 5 SHORTCUT KEYS
 6 COMMON ERRORS
 7 SOURCE REFERENCES
VBA / Macros  Pivot Tables & Power Query 
DATA EXTRACTION
Extract Characters From One Cell
All formulas assume data is in cell A1
Substitute with today() if needed
Extract Text 
Left of the Character
Right of the Character
Before Second Instance of Symbol
First Word in a Cell
Second Word in a Cell
First two words in a cell
First three words in a cell
Last word in a cell
Last two words in a cell
Last three words in a cell
Nth word from a cell  example to extract 4th word from A1
Last N characters from a cell  example last 4 characters
First N characters from a cell  example first 4 characters
Data Between Commas'
Data Between Characters  example parentheses
Data Between Quotes
Data After 2nd Instance of Character  example underscore

Remove Text  The last word in a cell
The first two words in a cell

Extract Dates 
Extract last day of a Date's month
Extract next month's end date
Extract last day of a Date's quarter
Extract first day of a Date's quarter

Relative Dates  Dates cannot be stored as text for relative formulas to work
Combine these two formulas with any relative date formula below
⍟ Finding The Future Closest Date To Today
Current Year
Current Qtr  with Year
Current QE Date
Current Qtr Number
Current Month
Current ME Date
Current BOM
Previous YE
Previous QE
Previous ME
Previous BOM
Previous Friday
Next Month's start date
Calculate number of workdays between dates
Add business days to date
Add Months to date

Reference Last Populated Cell in Range
Range is only text values
=INDEX(range,MATCH(REPT("z",255),range))

=INDEX(A:A,MATCH(REPT("z",255),A:A))
Range is only numeric values
=INDEX(range,MATCH(9.99999999999999E+307,range))

=INDEX(1:1,MATCH(9.99999999999999E+307,1:1))
Last in Row 
=INDEX(A1:A10,MATCH(9.99999999999999E+307,A1:A10))
Last in Column 
=INDEX(A:Z,MATCH(9.99999999999999E+307,Z:Z)1)
2nd Last in Column 
=INDEX(A:A,MATCH(9.99999999999999E+307,A:A)2)
3rd Last in Column
Range is both text and numeric values
=INDEX(range,MAX(MATCH(9.99999999999999E+307,range),MATCH(REPT("z",255),range)))

=INDEX(A:A,MAX(MATCH(9.99999999999999E+307,A:A),MATCH(REPT("z",255),A:A)))
Last Value in Table column
https://exceljet.net/formula/getvalueoflastnonemptycell
Extract Largest Number in Range
Largest Number
=MAX(A1:A50)
Xth Largest Number
=LARGE(A1:A50,5)
5th largest in range
Replace Character
Find "" and remove the dash
=SUBSTITUTE(A1,"","",1)
Replace Characters in Range
Replace last N digits
=REPLACE(A1,3,2,"10")
A1 = 2009 then formula changes to 2010
Extract first 3 words
=LEFT(A1,FIND("^",SUBSTITUTE(A1&" "," ","^",3))1)
Substitute looks for 3rd space in A1 string and adds ^
Find 1 character before the ^
Extract text left of ^
=SUBSTITUTE (within_text, old_text, new_text, [instance])
=LEFT(within_text,[number of characters to extract])
=FIND (find_text, within_text, [start_num])
Index / Match Formulas
A better way to "vlookup". The index/match formula allows you to "vlookup" to the left and right of the matching column and the lookup column is defined instead of a count.
Index Function INDEX takes a cell range and specified row or column # to provide the data in that cell

Match Function Returns the position of a cell (row # or column #) within a range by matching against a criteria.

Data Type Match 
Matching columns need to be the same data type. Add the following to any formula: Number to Text = TEXT(A1,"0") 
Based on 1 Criteria
=INDEX(ResultRange, MATCH(lookup_value, lookup_range, match_type))
=INDEX($A$2:$A$4,MATCH(A6,$B$2:$B$4,0)) 
The MATCH function, MATCH(A6,$B$2:$B$4,0), returns 2, which is the position of "Jacket" in the list.
Then, the INDEX function, INDEX($A$2:$A$4,2), returns "JK002", which is the second item in the range $A$2:$A$4.
Based on 2 Criteria
=INDEX(ResultRange, MATCH(1,(Value1=Range1)*(Value2=Range2),0))
=INDEX($D$2:$D$10,MATCH(1,(A13=$B$2:$B$10)*(B13=$C$2:$C$10),0))

Based on Matrix
Lookup based on horizontal and vertical row/column.
= INDEX( entire matrix , MATCH( vertical lookup value, entire left hand lookup column , 0 ) , MATCH ( horizontal lookup value, entire top header row, 0 ) )

Index Match File Examples ^{[1]}
Additional Tutorials
Search Cell For Specific Character
Search cell A1 for "text"
=IF(ISNUMBER(SEARCH("lookup_text",A1)), "Yes", "No")
 Remove if statement for true/false
 Remove if statement for true/false
Casesensitive, you can replace the SEARCH function with the FIND function:
=ISNUMBER(FIND(text, A1))
Remove Spaces From Cells
Removes all spaces (leading & trailing) from text except for single spaces between words.
=TRIM(A1)
Remove spaces and line breaks in text, use formula:
=TRIM(CLEAN(A1))
Remove all spaces and nonbreaking characters
=TRIM(CLEAN(SUBSTITUTE(A1,CHAR(160)," ")))
Macro to Remove Trailing Spaces
Selects all cells A2:A10 and removes any spaces after text
Sheets("WorksheetName").Select
Range("A2:A100").Select
Sub NoSpaces()
Dim a As Range
For Each a In Selection.Cells
a = Trim(a) Next
End Sub
Extract List Of Unique Values From Column
{=IFERROR(INDEX($D$2:$D$7, MATCH(0,COUNTIF($E$1:E1, $D$2:$D$7), 0)),"")}
Array Formula =IFERROR(Index ( Column with Duplicates, MATCH (0, COUNTIF( Cell above start of unique column, Column w/ Duplicates), 0)),"")}
Extend Office  Dynamic List of Unique Values
Extract Specific Cells To Make New List
Formula extracts values that meet the criteria in the first table.
Extract with multiple criteria
[Table1] is the first table in cell A1
=IFERROR(INDEX(Table1[Guest],SMALL(IF((Table1[Attending]="Y")*(Table1[Donation]=50)),ROW(Table1[Guest])),ROW(1:1))1,1),"")
You can add more or fewer criteria to the bold section of the formula with "* (LookupColumn = Criteria)".
Extract using contains in criteria
Source: ExcelBytes
DATA COMPARISON
Fuzzy Lookup
http://datapigtechnologies.com/blog/index.php/textmatchandfuzzylookup/
Check For Duplication In Column
Paste formula in adjacent column and fill down. Looks to see if A1 is repeated.
WHOLE COLUMN
=IF(COUNTIF(A:A,A1)>1,"Duplicated!","")
PARTIAL COLUMN
=IF(COUNTIF($A1:$A10,A1)>1,"Duplicated!","")
Compare Two Columns
Returns True/False if columns match
=EXACT([Column1],[Column2])
Compare With Conditional Formating
Rule Type: Use a formula to determine which cells to format
Compare two columns and highlight matching cells
=match($A1,$B1:$B50,0)
Highlight nonmatching cells
=ISNA(match($A1,$B1:$B50,0))
FUNCTIONS
Functions are predefined formulas that are available in Excel.
Filter (Dynamic Array)
This function is being released slowly to different versions of Excel through 2020.
FILTER(array, include, [if_empty])
array – the cells returning the data. Excel will "spill" the data into ajacent cells if you are requesting a range be returned.
include – the filtering criteria. The height or width of the filtering cells should match the array cells.
[if_empty] – what should be displayed if the filer return is empty. Enter doublequotes for excel to leave blank.
Additional Filtering Syntax
Multiple Criteria using AND =FILTER(array,(A3:A5<>"CA")*(B3:B5>16),"")
Multiple Criteria using OR =FILTER(array,(A3:A5<>"CA")+(B3:B5>16),"")
Note that you can add more than two criteria by adding or multipling another set
Reference the full array in another formula by adding # =$D$4#
Excel Filter
Filter with SortBy
Filter in Data Validation List
You can reference the first cell of a spilled column by adding a "#" after the cell reference.
Previously you would have to manually add/remove any new options to the list.
The data validation list references the spilled column in D4. A better method would be to use =UNIQUE(Table1[State]) in D4 instead of the filter (shown below) to remove duplicates.
Functions on Filtered Table
The SUBTOTAL formula must be used in conjunction with functions (SUM, AVG, COUNT) on a filtered table, otherwise the result will include the hidden filtered rows.
=SUBTOTAL(function_num, range)
Function_Num List
Function  Function_num (filtered table) 
Function_num (manually hidden row)  

AVERAGE  1  =SUBTOTAL(1, range)  101  =SUBTOTAL(101, range) 
COUNT  2  =SUBTOTAL(2, range)  102  =SUBTOTAL(102, range) 
COUNTA  3  =SUBTOTAL(3, range)  103  =SUBTOTAL(103, range) 
MAX  4  =SUBTOTAL(4, range)  104  =SUBTOTAL(104, range) 
MIN  5  =SUBTOTAL(5, range)  105  =SUBTOTAL(105, range) 
PRODUCT  6  =SUBTOTAL(6, range)  106  =SUBTOTAL(106, range) 
STDEV  7  =SUBTOTAL(7, range)  107  =SUBTOTAL(107, range) 
STDEVP  8  =SUBTOTAL(8, range)  108  =SUBTOTAL(108, range) 
SUM  9  =SUBTOTAL(9, range)  109  =SUBTOTAL(109, range) 
Filtered Table  Extract value in column
Assumes table header is in row 1 and filtered column in column A
Row A2 would be your first unfiltered data row in the table worksheet
Array Formula
{=INDEX(Table[Col1],MIN(IF(SUBTOTAL(3,OFFSET(Worksheet!A2,ROW(Table[Col1])ROW(A2),0)),ROW(Table[Col1])ROW(Worksheet!A2)+1)))}
Sum Smallest N Values
=SUMPRODUCT(SMALL(rng,{1,2,n}))
Sum bottom 3 values
=SUMPRODUCT(SMALL(A1:A13,{1,2,3}))
Sum Largest N Values
=SUMPRODUCT(LARGE(rng,{1,2,N}))
Sum top 3 values
=SUMPRODUCT(LARGE(A1:A13,{1,2,3}))
Count/Sum Cells with Errors
=SUMPRODUCT(ISERR(A1:A10))
ISERR counts all errors except #N/A
=SUMPRODUCT(ISERROR(A1:A10))
If you want to also count #N/A, use the ISERROR function instead of ISERR
{=SUM(ISERROR(B4:B8))}
Change to SUM instead of count and make an array formula.
^{[2]}
Averaging
Weighted Average
=SUMPRODUCT(NumbersRange,WeightsRange)/SUM(WeightsRange)
 Column A = values, Column B = weights

=SUMPRODUCT(A1:A10,B1:B10)/SUM(B1:B10)
Average Top N Values
=AVERAGE(LARGE(range,{1,2,n}))
 Average top 3 values

=AVERAGE(LARGE(A1:A16,{1,2,3}))
Average (exclude zero value)
=AVERAGEIF(range,"<>0")

=AVERAGEIF(A1:A10,"<>0")
Sum Last N Rows
Formula will sum the last 10 rows of a column. Allows you to keep adding data and not change formula.
// Data starts in A1  put formula in another column
=sum(offset($a$1,count(a:a)10,0,10))
IF Statements
Excel 2016 introduced IFS
IFS([Something is True1, Value if True1, [Something is True2, Value if True2],…[Something is True127, Value if True127])
IF(s)
Wildcard / Contains
A1 = Houston Astros
=FIND("Astros", [Text2]4)
The result would be 8 ("John" starts at the 8th character. )
Using that, we can add an IF statement to it...
=IF(FIND("Astros", [A1]4) > 0, "YES", "NO")
Now, this will show YES if the formula finds "John" in the referenced cell.
SUMIF(s) and COUNTIF(s)
Searches
No quotes necessary if referencing a cell for criteria
Assume Houston is in cell A1
Text Search  Cell Reference  Explanation 

"*"  True if cell contains any text (not number)  
"Houston"  A1  Cell must equal "Houston" or A1 
"<>Houston"  "<>"&A1  Cell not equal to "Houston" 
"Houston*"  A1&"*"  *after word allows for wildcard after, but not before. Counts "Houston Astros" but not "Go Houston". 
"*Houston"  "*"&A1  *before word allows for wildcard before, not after word 
"*Houston*"  "*"&A1&"*"  searches for word/string of characters anywhere. Can be part of another word "HoustonTX" 
"Bl?ck"  Any single character. "Bl?ck" finds either "Black" or "Block" 
Full example: =SUMIF(range,"*"&A1&"*",sum_range)
SUMIFS with an OR statement
=SUM(SUMIFS(sum_range,criteria_range1,{"criteria","orcriteria","orcriteria"}))
or with wildcard
=SUM(SUMIFS(sum_range,criteria_range,{"*red*","*blue*"}))
MS SumIF Function
Excel Jet SumIFs
Max IFs
Find max value based on multiple criteria
{=MAX(IF(rng1=criteria1,IF(rng2=criteria2,values)))} For excel 2013
=MAXIFS(price,color,G6,item,H6) For excel 2016+
IF OR statement
=IF(OR(A1>1,B1>2), "Pass", "Fail")
or
={OR(A1:A10>1}
MISC
Count Validation Errors
Returns total number of cells that don't match the validation data set
Formula: (Total Cells in Range)  (Total Validated Cells) = (Total NonValidated Cells)
={COUNTA(range)SUM(COUNTIFS(range,LookupTable!A:A))}
The range would be the column with validation cells and the lookup table are the acceptable values.
Alternatively, you could list each value:
SUM(COUNTIFS(range,{"Black","Blue","Green"}))
Source: Excel Jet
Convert Negative Numbers to Positive (ABS)
Using the Absolute Value is helpful when determining the change in value when working with negative numbers
=ABS(A1)
=(new_value  prior_value) / ABS(prior_value)
Number Formatting
$8,765,432
8M [>999999] #,,"M";#,"K"
8.7M [>999999] #.#,,"M";#,"K"
Rounding
Round to nearest 1,000 =ROUND(A1,3)
Round to whole number =ROUND(A1, 0)
Round to nearest multiple of number =MROUND(A1,0)
Reference List in Table Column
Select List, source:
=INDIRECT("Table1[First Name]")
You are referencing Table1[First Name] in Table 2.
In the first cell of Table2 column, Data/Data Validation
http://www.getdigitalhelp.com/2012/10/15/howtouseatablenameindatavalidationlistsandconditionalformattingformulas/
Text in Formula
// A4 is the date
="As of " &TEXT(A4,"mmmm d, yyyy")
// Result "As of December 31, 2015"
Transpose Row & Column
SHORTCUT KEYS
CTRL + ALT + F9 = Recalculate all worksheets & formulas
ALT + ENTER = Line break in cell
CTRL + R = Fills based on cell to left
CTRL + D = Fills based on cell above
CTRL + ENTER = Fill entire range
CTRL + SHFT + SPACEBAR = Selects entire table
CTRL + T or L = Creates table (after selecting data)
CTRL + End = Last cell in worksheet
CTRL + HOME = First cell in worksheet
CTRL + Arrow = Last cell with data in any arrow direction
SHIFT + SPACE = Select entire row
CTRL + SPACE = Select entire column
CTRL + PLUS = Creates row or column (after selecting)
CTRL + F = Search
CTRL + PgDn/PgUp = Toggle between worksheets
CTRL + Tab = Toggle between workbooks
CTRL + ~ = Reveal all formulas
CTRL + SHIFT + ! = Formats cell to number with 2 decimal places
CTRL + SHIFT + % = Formats cell to %
COMMON ERRORS
Array Formula
Inside formula bar (CNTL+SHIFT+ENTER)
Numbers Stored as Text
A common error when using Vlookup/Index Match formulas is that one column data type is set to text and the other is a number.
Solution 1: Highlight the column, Data (Ribbon) / Text To Columns or Number
Solution 2: Use power query to change column type and create a new table
Solution 3: Create a new column and change type with formula =Value(A1)
(assumes your data starts in A1, then fill down)
Clearing Formula Errors
=iferror((yourformula),returnIfError)
If the calculation A2+A3 results in an #NA, then return a blank
=iferror((A2+A3),"")
% Change in Value From 0
2016  2017 

$0  $500 
Standard formula ($500$0)/$0 results in NaN.
Divide by 1 instead: ($500$0)/1